Château de Pierrefonds, France
This enormous castle was built in the late 14th century by Louis d’Orleans, Charles VI’s brother, only to be torn down at the beginning of the 17th century by Louis XIII. During the Romantic period, many saw what remained of Pierrefonds, and found it a site of inspiration that matched their interest in France’s archaeological past, making it again the center of attention. By the early 19th century, the site was declared as a building of national historic interest.
The building was eventually restored by Viollet-le-Duc, an architect, who decided to return the torn-down fortress to its former glory.
Today, the castle forms an irregular rectangle with eight large towers and an interior that shows Viollet-le-Duc’s style.