Adoption impacts everyone in the United States. According to the website Adoption Network, there are approximately 1.5 million adopted children in the United States, which is 2% of the population, or one out of 50 children. Those numbers include some famous faces as well — celebrities you didn’t know were adopted.
While every adoption story is important, it’s always a welcome addition when a celeb talks about their experience. That public admission takes away the societal shame of adoption, the stigma many people feel about it, and shows the beauty behind giving a child a good home.
So, with that in mind, we created a list of 31 celebrities who weren’t raised by their birth parents. Some of them may surprise you!
1. Steve Jobs
First on our list of celebrities who you didn’t know were adopted: the late Apple CEO. Steve Jobs’s biological father was Abdulfattah Jandali, a Syrian Muslim. Jandali’s girlfriend at the time was Joanne Schieble, but her parents objected to their mixed relationship, resulting in Steve Jobs’ adoption at birth by Paul and Clara Jobs.
2. Nicole Richie
Nicole was adopted by singer Lionel Richie and his then-wife Brenda when she was 9 years old. She was born Nicole Camille Escovedo, and her biological parents are Peter Michael Escovedo, a musician who toured briefly with Lionel, and Karen Moss, an assistant to Nicole’s aunt, singer and drummer Sheila E. When Nicole was four, her birth parents agreed to let her move in with Lionel and Brenda, as they were unable to care for her financially. About being adopted, Nicole has said, “My parents were friends with Lionel. They trusted that they would be better able to provide for me.”
3. Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx was sent to live with his mother’s parents at a young age. Fun fact: Jamie’s mother was also adopted.
The DJ, born Sonny John Moore, was adopted at birth by family friends of his biological parents. He found out when he was 16.
Letting children learn the truth about their birth parents — or when and how to tell them — is a tricky road. We have some links that can help at the end of this article
5. Colin Kaepernick
The American football player and activist was born to Heidi Russo in 1987 and was adopted three weeks later by a couple named Rick and Teresa Kaepernick.
6. Nicole “Snooki” Polizzi
The former Jersey Shore star was born in Santiago, Chile, in 1987. At 6 months old, she was adopted by Italian-American parents and raised in New York and New Jersey
7. Edgar Allen Poe
Famous dark poet Edgar Allen Poe. Poe was born in 1809, but his mother died a year after conception. His father also abandoned the family, forcing Edgar to live with another family in Virginia.
8. John Lennon
Next up on celebrities who were adopted: the great John Lennon! From the age of 5, John Lennon was raised by his maternal aunt and uncle in Liverpool, England, after his father went absent without leave in the military and his mother ran off with another man.
9. Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe was born Norma Jeane Mortenson on June 1, 1926. Her mother, Gladys Baker, was mentally unstable and financially unable to care for her, so she placed young Norma Jeane with foster parents whom she lived with until she was 7. Not long after her mother attempted to get Norma Jeane back, she suffered a nervous breakdown and was hospitalized; Norma Jeane was then declared a ward of the state and her mother’s best friend, Grace McKee, became her legal guardian. That only lasted for a few years, and Norma Jeane was sent to the Hollygrove orphanage in LA — and then a series of foster homes — before returning to Grace McKee’s home.
Unfortunately, Grace and her husband were about to move to the East Coast and could not take Norma Jeane with them. They approached the mother of a neighbor, James Dougherty, about him marrying Norma Jeane. They tied the knot just weeks after she turned 16 so that she wouldn’t have to return to foster care or an orphanage.
10. Kristen Chenoweth
The Tony Award-winning singer and actress was adopted in 1968 by Oklahoma couple Junie and Jerry Chenoweth when she was only 5 days old.